Benzene hexachloride (C6H6Cl6) - Structure, Molecular mass, Properties, Use of Benzene hexachloride

What is Benzene hexachloride?

Benzene hexachloride is an isomer of hexachlorocyclohexane with a chemical formula C6H6Cl6. It is also known as Lindane or hexachlorane. Benzene hexachloride is a colourless solid with a slight musty odour. It is an organochlorine chemical and is widely used as an agricultural insecticide as well as a pharmaceutical treatment for scabies and lice. Some side effects of lindane are burning, stinging, or redness of the skin. In the year 1825, Faraday was the first person to lớn originally synthesize this chemical. In the year 1942, a Dutch chemist Teunis khẩn khoản der Linden isolated Benzene hexachloride. He was the first one to lớn describe γ-hexachlorocyclohexane in the year 1912. Its pesticidal action was discovered in 1942.

Table of Contents

  • Preparation of Benzene hexachloride
  • Properties of Benzene hexachloride – C6H6Cl6
  • Benzene hexachloride structure – C6H6Cl6
  • Uses of Benzene hexachloride (C6H6Cl6)
  • Benzene hexachloride health risks

Preparation of Benzene hexachloride

  1. Chlorine combines with benzene, in the presence of sunlight and in the absence of oxygen as well as substitution catalysts, to lớn khuông hexachlorocyclohexane.
  2. Lindane can be prepared from chlorine and benzene by photochlorination. The product obtained i.e benzene hexachloride comprises isomers from which only the gamma-isomer is wanted. Gamma-isomer is got by treating the reaction mixture with acetic acid or methanol in which only the alpha and beta isomers dissolve easily.

Preparation of Benzene hexachloride

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Properties of Benzene hexachloride – C6H6Cl6

C6H6Cl6 Benzene hexachloride
Molecular Weight/ Molar Mass 290.814 g/mol
Density 1.89 at 66°F
Boiling Point 323°C
Melting Point 113°C

Benzene hexachloride structure – C6H6Cl6

Benzene hexachloride structure

The above image describes the Benzene hexachloride structure. C6H6Cl6 is the chemical formula of Benzene hexachloride. The Benzene hexachloride molecule is a gamma-isomer which is expected to lớn be a human carcinogen. Benzene hexachloride has six carbon atoms, six hydrogen atoms, and six chlorine atoms.

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Uses of Benzene hexachloride (C6H6Cl6)

  • Benzene hexachloride is used as an insecticide on crops, in forestry, for seed treatment.
  • It is used in the treatment of head and toàn thân lice.
  • It is used in pharmaceuticals.
  • It is used to lớn treat scabies.
  • It is used in shampoo.

Benzene hexachloride health risks

It is highly toxic but non-combustible. Lindane can cause irritation on liên hệ. When swallowed, inhaled, or absorbed through the skin it may be fatal. Better to lớn avoid skin liên hệ. When inhaled the effects will be delayed. Fire produces irritation, toxic, and corrosive gases. This compound is a stimulant of the nervous system, which causes violent convulsions that are rapid in onset and lead to lớn death or recovery within 24 hours of time.

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